Kindergarten is a big year. For some children, it could be their first time going to school. Other children might experience a big transition from half-day preschool to full day kindergarten.
With all of these changes, children soak in each new experience and begin to grow and develop at extensive rates. Sometimes these advances happen so quickly, it is hard to keep track of each accomplishment. The CDC has created milestones and parent tips along with printable milestone checklists that can help parents and teachers monitor these achievements.
Your child’s school should offer a quality daycare management software that provides assistance with tracking milestones. The more informed both teachers and parents are of the child’s acheivements, the better the learning outcome for the child.
Kindergarten Developmental Milestones Checklist
Here are some typical developmental milestones to consider during the kindergarten years.
Kids tend to be fairly active at this age and can run, hop, skip and jump without tripping over their own feet. With so much fast-paced activity, teachers might overlook developmental milestones.
Make sure you find a school with a quality daycare app that helps parents and teachers keep track of your child’s important triumphs. Most 5-year-olds learn to do the following activities.
Gross Motor Skills
- Walk on tiptoes and heel-to-toe like on a balance beam
- Jump rope and pump legs to swing alone
- Stand and hop on each foot
- Catch a ball the size of a softball
- Start to move in different ways at the same time to do things like swim, dribble a basketball or dance
Fine Motor Skills
- Use one hand more than the other (known as hand dominance)
- Hold a pencil using a tripod grip (two fingers and a thumb)
- Cut out basic shapes with scissors; may be able to cut a straight line
- Use a fork, spoon and knife easily
- Be able to wipe and wash after using the bathroom
Kindergartners learn facts and begin to grasp some basic concepts. Cognitive milestones are often the hardest for the untrained eye to monitor. This is also something that a good childcare management software is able to assist with. The software can provide its users with useful information, such as the following.
- Recognize and name colors and basic shapes
- Know the letters of the alphabet and letter sounds
- Recite their name, address and phone number
- Understand basic concepts about print (such as knowing which way the pages go and how words are read left to right and top to bottom)
- Know that stories have a beginning, middle, and end
- Count groups of objects up to 10 and recite numbers to 20
- Stick with an activity for 15 minutes and finish a short project
- Make plans about how to play, what to build or what to draw
In kindergarten, most kids understand and can use thousands of words, usually in sentences five to eight words long. Many 5-year-olds have the language development needed to:
- Use words to argue and try to reason with people; because is an oft-used word
- Use most plurals, pronouns, and tenses correctly
- Tell stories, jokes, and riddles; may understand simple puns
- Use language to talk about opposites and compare things (That black cat is smaller than the white one.)
- Talk about things that are going to happen as well as things that have already happened
- Follow simple multi-step directions
By the end of kindergarten, most children can recognize common words, such as the and me, and they can begin reading three-letter words, like a hat.
Social and Emotional Milestones
During the kindergarten school year, children’s social and emotional development tends to go beyond making friends and expressing feelings. They start understanding more complicated things like right and wrong.
Again, this is a where a quality childcare software can really serve as a beneficial guide during these developmentally critical times. The software can illustrate social and emotional milestones and what to expect in typically developing children around age 5:
- Interest in behaving like their friends and wanting their approval
- Begin to prefer same-gender friendships; become jealous of other people spending time with u201ctheiru201d friends
- Follow the rules most of the time; may criticize kids who don’t follow the rules
- Enjoy being on display; will sing, dance or be silly to get attention
- Want your approval and to be taken seriously; may throw a tantrum or get angry if they think you aren’t listening to them
- Start to see why it’s helpful to share and get along with other kids
Keep in mind that children develop at their own pace and that your child may have skills that aren’t on this list. On the other hand, if your 5-year-old hasn’t met a number of these milestones, you may want to take the opportunity to speak with his or her doctor about an evaluation of your child’s skills.
Knowing the areas where your child needs some support is helpful information to have as the child enters kindergarten.
As mentioned above, it’s imperative that you keep track of these important milestones. Knowing what to expect at each age can help both parents and teachers be proactive when it comes to the development of their children.
At iCare Software, we provide an extremely helpful childcare app that helps monitor and track each milestone through the Journal so that you won’t miss a beat. A personal developmental specialist will provide assistance with all milestones and developmental information regarding each year of early childhood.
This ensures that you monitor and respond to the developmental of each child. Being familiar with developmental milestones can help you identify any trouble spots to mention to the child’s pediatrician for further assistance.